Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Gum disease is usually painless - it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, which is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are so very important.
Treatment methods depend on the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. If we catch your periodontal disease early, there are many non-surgical ways to treat it. Most commonly we try dental scaling and root-planing. This involves removing plaque from the roots of the teeth, and smoothening the roots of the tooth to prevent additional growth of bacteria.
If deep cleaning and medication fail to relieve the symptoms of periodontal disease, there are surgical alternatives such as flap surgery & bone grafting.